This document is a translation of various rules for the conduct of working dog examinations as used in Germany. These rules have been adopted for use by the United Schutzhund Clubs of America with certain amendments and variances. This document and any approved amendments and shall be the official rule book for the conduct of all working dog evaluation events sanctioned by the United Schutzhund Clubs of America. Unauthorized duplication is strictly forbidden. Copies of this publication can be obtained by contacting the USA business office at United Schutzhund Clubs of America, 3810 Paule Ave, St. Louis, Mo 63125-1718, (314)638-9686.
The United Schutzhund Clubs of America has requested and received variances form the following rules in some instances. The Board of Directors of USA has also adopted variances of its own accord. The following variances to the preceding rules in effect for all USA trials
1. The waiting period between trials has been reduced from four to two weeks.
The limit on the number of dogs to be judged by one judge in one day
3. All dogs entered in a USA sanctioned trial must pass a test of impartiality.
Restrictions limiting participation by physically impaired handlers
Part A. DEGREE LEVELS
Examination A SchH A
Part B. REQUIREMENTS
The minimum age requirements for entry into the various degree levels are:
A 18 months
Evidence of prior achievement of the B title must be presented before entry into SchHI is permitted.
On any given day when one judge is officiating, a maximum of 10 (12 In USA) dogs may be entered in a trial. If the entries exceed this figure, the trial must be extended to another day or other judges must be secured to officiate.
Dogs are only allowed to be exhibited in one Schutzhund degree per scheduled trial. If a dog has been awarded a degree, a four week (two weeks in USA) waiting period must elapse before the dog can be exhibited for the next higher degree. Once a dog has earned a SchH III degree, it is up to the discretion of the handier when he/she wishes to exhibit the dog again. Dogs exhibited in a lower degree examination than actually earned by the dog shall be awarded rankings behind those who earned their degree at the scheduled trial. (This is for awards, trophies, placings, etc.) It is up to the discretion of the handier to repeat a Schutzhund degree without being bound by the waiting period, but not at the same scheduled trial date. It is also not permissible for a handier to participate in two trials on the same day.
Only dogs that appear healthy can be exhibited in a trial. Before being permitted to participate in a trial, each dog must pass a test of impartiality and sureness. The testing of the self confidence will take place during the entire trial. Dogs who fail the test of self confidence or impartiality are to be excused from the trial proceedings. A dog is to be dismissed from the trial, if it demonstrates faulty temperament during the trial even though the initial test for impartiality was positive.
PART C. POINT SCORE AND RATINGS
The highest maximum score in each phase shall be 100 points and therefore the highest point score in all three phases shall be 300 points. A degree can only be awarded if a dog achieves at least 70 points in phases A (tracking) and B (obedience) and at least 80 points in phase C (protection). The following ratings shall be awarded with the corresponding point totals:
0 - 109 points
Should there be awards presented and in the case of a tie, the dog with the highest point score in phase C should receive the award. Should there still be a tie, the point score in phase B shall prevail.
For a SchH A, the highest possible point score is 200 points. The pass-score in this degree is a minimum of 70 points in phase B and a mini- of 80 points in phase C. The following ratings shall be awarded with the corresponding point totals:
0 - 72 points
Awards for combativeness including courage and hardness are:
-- Pronounced (Ausgepraegt)
PART D. THE CONDUCT OF THE PARTICIPANTS
At the beginning of each trial after being summoned by name, each handler and dog shall report to the judge repeating the handlers as well as the dog's name. The dog must be leashed (unleashed in SchH 111) and is to sit in the basic heel position. The pedigree and registration certificate as well as the scorebook is to be presented to the trial secretary prior to the trial (scorebook only in USA). Should the hosting organization demand a membership or affiliation requirement, then a valid member-ship card must be presented.
Evidence of the prior achievement of a SchH I must be presented before entry into the FH is permitted. Dogs who do not possess the SchH before entry into the FH is permitted to enter for the FH provided they have attained the degree B (Companion Dog). In this case, the awarded title shall have no bearing in regards to breed show or breed survey rules and regulations.
Each participant must follow the instructions of the judge as well as those of the trial committee without any disagreement. The handler must exhibit the dog in a sporty and faultless manner. Ill-natured actions or Poor sportsmanship will lead to expulsion from the trial. The final decision in all cases rests with the presiding judge and the decision of the judge is unchallengeable. A protest is not permitted. In the event anyone is expelled from a trial by the judge or trial secretary, the USA Board of Inquiry will review the situation for further possible disciplinary action.
During the trial, the dog must be exhibited with a choke collar in the neutral position (dead ring). Leather and spike collars are not permitted. The handler may praise the dog only once after each exercise. Body help from the handler is not permitted and if used will be penalized by point deductions.
Handlers that possess physical handicaps that hinder movement of the dog on the left side of the handler can show dogs on the handler's right side. In such cases, the dog and handler will be judged without pre- as long as the performance is analogous to a left heeling dog.
PART E. DUTIES OF THE TRIAL SECRETARY
Before the start of the trial, the trial secretary must inform and show proof to the judge that the necessary permission was attained by the club for the examination The judge will be presented with properly filled out judge's books.
The trial secretary is responsible for securing suitable tracking flelds and that sufficient experienced track layers are available. A sport field sufficiently large for both obedience and protection phases must be available. The secretary is also responsible for providing the necessary one or two experienced helpers with proper protective equipment. 'Me secretary will also assure that all needed equipment is provided and that a group of at least four people is available when needed.
The trial secretary must assure that a proper, orderly completion of the trial is attained. The trial secretary must be at the disposal of the judge at all times. The trial secretary must provide a sufficient number of score sheets and judge's books and make certain they are all properly prepared and completed.
No FH may be laid on a solid snow-cover.
30 minutes after the laying of the FH 1 track, and 30 minutes before starting the dog on the FH 2 track, a second person (who is also a stranger to the dog) will receive a signal from the judge to lay the cross-track, which shall cross the track three times.
Point Allocation in the Tracking Work:
1. Suitable Terrain for Tracking:
Meadow grass, plowed fields and forest soil: All natural terrains. Sight-tracking is to be avoided as much as possible.
2. Tracking Articles:
Within any one track, articles different from each other must be used. Their color may not stand out considerably from that of the terrain, and their size may not exceed that of a wallet (billfold).
Materials: Leather, vinyl, fabric, wood.
In SchH 2, 3 and FH the articles are to be given to the track layer(s) far enough in advance so that the track layer(s) can carry the articles on their bodies for at least 30 minutes before laying the tracks.
In SchH 1, the handler uses his/her own articles. Attention should be paid to see that these articles are likewise well-scented.
B: THE LAYING OF THE TRACK:
Before laying the SchH 1 track, the handler must show the articles to the judge. Only the previously described "common-use/household" articles are to be used. The trial judge is responsible for determining the layout of the tracks, and for the instruction of the track layer(s).
The handlers may not be present during the laying of the tracks for SchH 2, 3 and FH. During the laying of the SchH 1 track the dog must remain out of sight.
1. The Starting-Place:
The starting-place is to be marked with a signpost (tracking stake with number mark). It is to be placed in the ground directly to the left of the starting-point, and must remain there throughout the tracking work.
The track layer remains for awhile on the starting-place, and light stepping about on it is permitted.
track layer then proceeds at a normal pace in the direction
prescribed by the judge. Scraping of feet or interruption in pace is
number of track-legs is prescribed in the relevant Trial Level
section of the Trial Rules.
corners (about 90) are likewise to be made at a normal pace, during
which attention must be paid to make sure that it is possible for
the dog to continue tracking directly into the next leg of the
track. The continuity of the track is not to be destroyed/disrupted
by the making of the corners. Heavy stomping of the corners is not
The articles are to be laid on the track, while the track layer is in motion. After laying the last article at the end of the track, the track layer must proceed straight ahead a few paces further.
1: Article #1 is laid in the middle of either the first or the
second leg (handler's choice as to which leg); article #2 at the end
of the track.
following handling options are permitted in the working out of the
track: a) Collar b) Tracking harness c) Free tracking
the tracks are laid for SchH 2, 3 and FH, the judge or the trial
chairperson will have the handlers draw for their starting
handler must go to the dog immediately and take the article after
raising it in the air to show the judge. The handler praises the dog
and immediately lets himcontinue tracking. If the dog, while on the
track, comes upon an article that was not placed by the track layer,
he may neither pick it up or indicate it. If the dog changes over
from the primary track onto the cross-track and follows it for more
than one line-length, the tracking-work must be terminated. The
judge is permitted to give the handier some positional help whenever
the terrain imposes extreme difficulties which the dog cannot
overcome (for example large water holes or deep gulleys/trenches,
etc.). No points are deducted for this.
All the angles ("corners") must be worked out confidently. The dog may not let himself be influenced by the cross-tracks. Among the first six articles, every one not found will cost 3 points, and the last article if not found will cost 2 points. Picking up in combination or alternation with indicating is faulty. For a falsely picked up or indicated article, 1.5 points will be deducted. For picking up or indicating any objects not placed there by the track layer, 1.5 points will be deducted.
the handler prevents the dog from leaving the track, the judge will
instruct the handler to follow the dog. The tracking-work is
terminated if the dog leaves the track by more than one line-length
(or by more than 10 meters if free-tracking), or if the handler
ignores the judge's instruction to follow the dog.
1.8-meter Scaling Wall: Construction: See diagram sheet. Dumbbells: SchH 1 - for flat retrieve = up to 650 gram SchH 2 - for flat retrieve = I Kg - for I -meter jump = 650 grams - for scaling wall = 650 grams SchH 3 - for flat retrieve = 2 Kg - for 1 -meter jump = 650 grams - for scaling wall = 650 grams The above-described dumbbells, available on the trial grounds, are to be used by all the trial participants. It is not allowed for a handier to spit on the dumbbells. In all the retrieving exercises, the dumbbell may not be placed in the dog's mouth in advance. One Blind: Must be provided for use by SchH 3 handlers while their dogs are on the long down. Pistol and ammunition: Caliber - 6 mm B: PROCEDURE: Reporting-In: At the beginning of each trial section, the handlers must report-in to the trial judge in a sportsmanlike manner. BH and Schedule I and 2: The handler enters the field with his dog on lead and reports-in in the basic position. SchH 3: Handler enters field with his dog heeling free and reports-in in the basic position. Throughout the obedience section, the dog wears a collar and the handier carries the lead with him. Basic Position and Start of Exercises: Every exercise begins and ends in the basic position. The dog sits straight, on the left side and next to his handler, with his right shoulder blade at knee-height. Taking of the basic position is allowed only once per exercise. 123 In the basic position, the handler stands with a sporting posture (straight stance, feet together, at attention). A splay-legged stance is not permitted in any exercise. The ending basic position for one exercise may be used as the beginning basic position for the following exercise. "Development" of the Exercise: From out of the basic position, on the judge's signal, comes the building up of all the obedience exercises, the so-called "development": The handler must show a minimum of 10 paces (max. 15) as the "development" for the following exercises, before the command for the performance of the exercise may be given: -Sit out of Motion -Down out of Motion (SchH 3 in each gait) -Walking Stand -Running Stand -Send-away Basic-position and exercise-development errors must influence the scoring of the individual exercise. Between all the "fronts" and "finishes", as well as between approaching the dog and "picking him up" in the Sit exercise and the Walking Stand, a distinct pause of about 3 seconds is to be observed. A similar pause is to be made during the Long Down exercise, in between returning to the dog and giving the "Sit" command. Between the exercises the dog is to remain free at heel. Breaking formation or playing is not permitted. Handler's Distance from the Dog: The Trial Rulebook prescribes a minimum of 30 paces in those portions where the handler must proceed away from the dog. It is up to the handler to decide if he wants to go further than the prescribed minimum of paces. The judge may stop a handler from distancing himself too far from the dog. Praising: Praising of the dog is allowed after every completed exercise, but only in the basic position. After that, the handler may take a new basic position. Between praising and starting a new exercise (if handler does not take a new basic position), a distinct pause of 3 seconds is to be observed. 123 Voice Commands: The previously described commands are fixed in the Trial Rules. If a dog fails to perform an exercise after three commands are given, the exercise is terminated and no points are given for it. When recalling the dog, the dog's name may be used instead of the command 'Hier" ("Come"). However, use of the dog's name in combination with the command will be counted as a double-command and penalized by a point loss. Penalties for additional commands: 1 st extra command: part exercise rated "satisfactory" 2nd extra command: part exercise rated "faulty" Fronts and Finishes The dog must sit in front fast, close and straight. Upon command, after the required 3-second pause, the dog must take up the ending basic position (go from "front"C: to "finish") fast and close. The dog may perform the "finish" by going around behind the handler or by executing a military (flip) "finish" from in front of the handler. Returning to the dog: The handler may return from the front or by going around behind the dog. C: DESCRIPTION OF EXERCISES Behavior During Change of Pace: Heeling & Exercise "Development" At the command "Fuf&" ("Heel") the dog must always go with the handler happily, attentively and close, with his shoulder blade at knee-height, through all changes of pace, turns, and in the group. During the Heeling on Lead, the lead is held in the left hand and must hang loose. The dog must travel straight next to the handler and, whenever the handler stops, he must automatically sit fast and straight beside the handler. In doing this the dog must remain calm and attentive. At the various changes of pace, the handler must be careful to make distinct changes of speed: Normal walking, fast running (not a sprint), and slow walking. The change of pace from fast into slow must take place without any "normal" transition-steps in between.
Phase C - Protection
Scoring: Maximum Score is 100 points.
for the Helper
= 5 points
helper is to be hidden in a position 40 paces away so that the dog
can make searching passes to the right and left or vice versa. The
handier and dog must be out of sight while the helper moves into the
hiding place. At the request of the judge, the handier releases the
dog with the command to "search" (revier or voran) towards
the empty hiding place and then towards the helper. The command
"here" (hier) can be used along with the dog's name.
When the dog reaches the helper the dog should immediately and continuously bark. The dog should not bother the helper by gripping or bumping. The handier is to remain at a distance of approximately 25 paces. After the dog has barked continuously or even if it has not barked during the allotted time, the judge will signal the handier to pick up the dog. The dog must be held securely so that the helper can leave the hiding place.
3. Attack - 35 Points
helper is directed to proceed to another hiding place at least 50
paces away. Upon direction from the judge, the handler will proceed
with the free heeling dog towards the hiding place. The handler is
now attacked from the front by the helper who suddenly comes from
the hiding place. Contact between the handler and helper is not
permitted. The dog must immediately attack and demonstrate a firm
grip. The dog will now receive two hits with a flexible padded stick
from the helper. It is permissible to place the hits on the dog's
thighs, flanks or withers. Encouragement via the voice command
'Mat's a good dog" (so ist brav) is permissible. When requested
by the judge, the helper stops the aggression. The dog must
independently release the grip upon receiving the command to let go
(Aus or Out). The handier, after receiving direction from the judge,
will hold the dog by the collar.
helper makes threatening gestures and runs away in a straight line.
After the helper has run approximately 60 paces, the handier sends
the dog toward the helper and remains standing still. The judge will
request the helper to turn around when the dog is about 30 paces
away. Using aggressive and threatening motions, the helper will run
toward the dog. When the dog has taken a firm grip, the helper will
press the dog briefly without applying stick hits and will then
cease the resistance. The dog must independently release the grip
upon receiving the command to let go (Aus or Out). After the dog has
let go, the handler will remain standing without influencing the
dog. Upon signal from the judge, the handier will approach the dog
and helper in a normal pace. The handler will order the helper to
step back from the dog and order the dog to lay down. The helper
will be searched and disarmed before a side transport to the Judge
is demonstrated. The dog will be on leash during the transport If
the dog has taken a firm grip but does not let go after repeated
voice commands to let go, the judge will request the handler to
proceed quickly to the dog and pick up the dog. The handler will
leave the area with the dog on leash.
Only the energetic fighting and firm gripping dog that releases independently after one command to let go can receive a full score. The voice command to let go is permitted only once in each fighting exercise. Dogs who are not under the control of the handler during the righting phase or who let go only via bodily contact by the handler and dogs who fall one fighting exercise cannot pass the test. After the dog has failed in one righting exercise, the protection phase must be discontinued. No point deduction will be made for the dog that alertly circles the helper.